Book Hotels in Athamania
Athamanians or Athamanes were an ancient tribe that inhabited south-eastern Epirus and west Thessaly. Although regarded as "barbarians" by Strabo and Hecataeus of Miletus, the Athamanians self-identified as Greeks. The existence of myths about Athamas and Ino in Achaean Phthiotis suggests that the Athamanians were settled there before 1600 BC. They were an independent semi-barbarian tribe (in 395 and 355 BC according to Diodorus Siculus) occasionally allies of the Aetolians. Amynander and Theodorus of Athamania are reported kings of the Athamanians.
1330 B.C. Athamas becomes King of the Minyans in Boetia.
1300 B.C. Athamas is cast away from his kingdom in Boetia submitting to an oracle commanding that he should inhabit a wild and mountainous place. He thus reaches the Pindos mountains, where he marries Themisto, daughter of Ypseus and Kreousa, and becomes the founder of Athamania and Patriarch of the Athamanians.
1100 B.C. Dorian Invasion. The Dorians are unable to conquer the Athamanians who are fierce warriors.
1050 B.C. Athamania is divided into 4 territories, Heracleia, Argithea, Tetraphylia, and Chalkis.
500 B.C. Athamanians are recognized as Greeks by Plato. "Οι έκγονοι του Αθάμαντος, Έλληνες γάρ. (“The descendants of Athamas, are Greeks of course.”) Athamanians become allies of the Spartans.
395 B.C. Athamanians dissolve their alliance to Sparta and become allies of the Athenians, Boetians, Thessalians and others.
375 B.C. Athamanians participate in the 2nd Athenian Alliance.
355 B.C. Athamanians become allies of the Macedonians, Thessalians against the Phocaeans in the 3rd Holly War.
323 B.C. Athamanians become allies of the Athenians against the Macedonians.
281-272 B.C. King Pyrrhus of Epirus conquers the Athamanians.
250 B.C. King Theodorus of the Athamanians builds the city of Theodoria (today’s Theodoriana).
220-178 B.C. Reign of King Amynander, the golden age of the Athamanians.
191 B.C. Athamania is conquered by the Macedonians. King Amynander escapes to Ambrakia along with Queen Apamia and their children.
190/189 B.C. (Winter). King Amynander returns and frees Athamania from the Macedonians.
178 B.C. King Selipos, last King of the Athamanians heroically resists the Romans. The city of Selipiana, probably built long after his death, is named after him and his ancient name survives intact in his city for more than two millennia until 1930 when it is changed to Kataphyli, after the name of the rock (Kataphylion) on which king’s Selipos palace was built, by Presidential Decree.
168 B.C. The Roman Legions under Aemilius Paulus destroy the cities of Athamania.
165 B.C. The Commonwealth of the Athamanians devotes a series of bronze statues to the Delphian Oracle in honor of archon Cassander of Menestheus (no connection to Cassander of Antipatrus of Macedonia).
164-63 B.C. The Commonwealth of the Athamanians disintegrates, most of the population emigrates to Aitolia, Thessaly and Epirus. Only but a few Athamanians remain inhabiting the region up to modern times, their cities deteriorating into small villages but still bearing their ancient names.