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Nea Makri (Greek: Νέα Μάκρη) is a town located in the northeastern part of Attica and the peninsula.
Nea Makri is linked with Marathonos Avenue (GR-53) that ends at Marathon to the north, and which added two more lanes between 2002 and 2005 and became a divided avenue to the west which stretches up to Nea Makri and GR-83 to the north. Other main streets include Poseidonos Avenue.
The area was once known as Plesti, but following the 1922 Greek military disaster in Asia Minor and the subsequent repatriation of Greeks from the town of Makri, it was renamed Nea Makri (New Makri).
The United States Navy operated a HF radio communications base north of Nea Makri from the mid to the late 20th century. The transmitters were located further north, at Kato Souli. The callsign of the station was NGR. The American naval communications station was the deployment location for Naval Mobile Construction Battalion NMCB-133, homeported in Gulfport, MS.
The Penteli mountains that are covered with forests lie to the west and southwest while farmlands are within Petalies Gulf and to the north except for the downtown part of Nea Makri. Beaches cover the eastern part and restaurants, hotels, and tavernas cover the area within the shoreline. Nea Makri is located NE of Athens and the Attiki Odos (number 63), NNE of the Eleftherios Venizelos Airport, SE of GR-1 and SW of Grammatiko.
Until the 1970s, most of the population was rural. As housing developments came to the area, the population boomed and filled into the settlements. Housing developments continue to this day.
The only other town in the municipality is Néo Voutzá (pop. 823).
The outbreak of the disease of 1996[clarification needed] did not affect Nea Makri, but the July 28, 2005 forest fire affected the southern part as smoke blanketed the southern part during the evening hours. The fire did not threaten Nea Makri at all. The threat was floods on November 24, 2005, and flooded streets and residential buildings, destroying properties as well as their homes, which was rare and caused problems for traffic as some automobiles were stranded.
Nea Makri has schools, lyceums, gymnasia, banks, churches, a post office, beaches and squares (plateies).